- Features | August 2, 2016
Teaching the Newcomers How to Manage Time
According to the online Cambridge dictionary, the ol’ cliché “you can’t teach old dogs new tricks” is said to mean that it is very difficult to teach someone new skills or to change someone’s habits or character. With over 20 years of research in the field, MCA Inc. finds this definition to be true in just about every industry, and it especially holds true in construction.
Studies show that most of our learning is done prior to adolescence, but our brains continue to develop into adulthood for those who exercise it with new and varied experiences. Even in adulthood, the brain is continuously remodeling itself. With that said, it is not impossible to teach a seasoned veteran of a trade a new way of doing things, but it will take a considerable amount of time to do so in comparison to someone who has never done the job before, like an apprentice. One of the tricks of the trade that electricians learn – and often are forced to learn, especially if they become foremen - is how to manage time. Time is nothing but a sequence of events, and learning how to manage events on the job site is not something that is taught in any depth at school for an apprentice. However, if an apprentice can be taught how to manage the events of his day by scheduling and looking ahead, then look back to see how he did or what blocked him, he can be much more effective on the job site. If, on the other hand, he is added to the job site crew without any direction or schedule to follow, he will be relegated to making use of the time in the day without maximizing his learning and contribution to the job.
The construction industry is in the middle of a revolution and is facing challenging times. Pressure to increase productivity and reduce waste is on the rise. The days of big jobs with big profits are gone, and increased profits will have to come from a reduction in variable costs. Educating the workforce to be more productive will not only be essential for growth but necessary for both the local and national construction industry to survive the international takeover in today’s changing market.
This is where apprentices can prove to be very beneficial for both parties involved. Not only does the employer benefit from reducing their composite rate by utilizing a lower paid worker, they now have a worker with a fresh, eager mind wanting to learn and void of any embedded habits that will be biased towards new methods and techniques. He or she will work and learn to be more productive with an open mind.
ROLE OF APPRENTICES IN PRODUCTIVITY
Most of you have said or heard people say about apprentices, “I spend more time explaining things to him than I would if I just did it myself.” Or, “If I have an apprentice do it, I end up having to fix it anyway.” This logic is because the wireman sees a bigger view of the work on the job site and how to get it done than the apprentice sees. So, the challenge for the “old dogs” is breaking down the work to the point that the apprentice can produce effectively. There are two processes that a wireman, or any field leader, can use for accomplishing this: Work Breakdown Structure™ (WBS™) and Short Interval Scheduling® (SIS®). Both processes will have the work clearly defined, including what “done” means for the day and for the project, allowing the work to be handed off and followed up on easier with the apprentice. Then, passing on this method to the apprentice will help him or her learn how to see the work, schedule the work, and track the performance.
An apprentice can quickly grasp the value of breaking down the work using WBS™ so he or she can clearly see what needs to be done and how to go about doing it. They can then determine the direction of the project and schedul